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Madiba “Father of A Nation 1918-2013

MAndela-art

“No one in my family had ever attended school. On the first day of school my teacher, Miss Mdingane, gave each of us an English name. This was the custom among Africans in those days and was undoubtedly due to the British bias of our education. That day, Miss Mdingane told me that my new name was Nelson. Why this particular name? I have no idea.”

— Mandela, 1994

Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in the village of Mvezo in Umtatu, then a part of South Africa’s Cape Province.[1] Given the forename Rolihlahla, a Xhosa term colloquially meaning “troublemaker”,[1] in later years he became known by his clan name, Madiba.[2] His patrilinealgreat-grandfather, Ngubengcuka, was ruler of the Thembu people in the Transkeian Territories of South Africa’s modern Eastern Cape province. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela born 18 July 1918 is a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the first black South African to hold the office, and the first elected in a fully representative, multiracial election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalised racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as the President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997. Internationally, Mandela was the Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movementfrom 1998 to 1999. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela born 18 July 1918 is a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the first black South African to hold the office, and the first elected in a fully representative, multiracial election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalised racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as the President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997. Internationally, Mandela was the Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movementfrom 1998 to 1999.

Awarded the US Presidential Medal of Freedom,[355]and the Order of Canada,[356] he was the first living person to be made an honorary Canadian citizen.[357] The last reciprocent of the Soviet Union’s Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union,[358] and first reciprocent of the Al-Gaddafi International Prize for Human Rights,[359] in 1990 he received the Bharat Ratna Award from the government of India,[360] and in 1992 received Pakistan’s Nishan-e-Pakistan.[361] In 1992 he was awarded the Atatürk Peace Award by Turkey. He refused the award, citing human rights violations committed by Turkey at the time,[362]but later accepted the award in 1999.[358]Elizabeth II awarded him the Bailiff Grand Cross of the Order of St. John and the Order of MeritJOHANNESBURG – Ailing global peace icon Nelson Mandela, who is receiving treatment at home after spending nearly three months in hospital, is “fine,” his ex-wife Winnie Madikizela-Mandela said on Sunday.“He is fine, the spirits of Africa, his ancestors, our ancestors are keeping him for all of us,” Madikizela-Mandela told SABC public broadcaster in South Africa. Mandela is receiving intensive care for a respiratory illness at his Johannesburg home where he returned after being discharged on September 1. He had spent 86 days in a Pretoria hospital. The 95-year-old’s condition was described as critical but stable throughout his stay.

19 thoughts on “Madiba “Father of A Nation 1918-2013

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